*** V50.0: New data release: Oct 10 2021 ***

On this page you can download a merged dataset consisting of genotypes for thousands of ancient and present-day individuals at up to 1.23 million positions in the genome (in hg19 coordinates).

The aim of Allen Ancient DNA Resource (AADR) is to provide a uniformly curated dataset that can be useful for scientists interested in carrying out analyses of population history and natural selection.

The genotypes in the AADR are not always a perfect match to those from the associated published papers. This is because to make it easier to coanalyse datasets we have started from bam or fastq files, trimmed the ends of sequences to reduce errors due to ancient DNA damage in a way that is largely uniform across datasets, which may be slightly different from that used in the individual publications, and determined genotypes anew by sampling a random sequence to cover each position.

Researchers who wish to use this compilation as the basis of their publications should cite this website and release version (e.g. "Allen Ancient DNA Resource https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/allen-ancient-dna-resource-aadr-downloadable-genotypes-present-day-and-ancient-dna-data", version 50.0), while also citing the individual papers that report the data for each of the individuals they analyze (all references for the source data are listed below).

Going forward, we expect to be updating this resource every couple of months to keep it maximally useful to the community. Please let us know if you have recommendations for improvements or identify errors or other issues.

We thank the Paul G. Allen Foundation, the John Templeton Foundation, a grant from the U.S. National Institutes of Health, and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, for providing the resources needed to create and update this dataset.

Updated in this release:
• new published samples (see References),
• mitogenomes (for most samples generated here).

All data released here:
(a) have already been published (some by our group and some by other groups - see full list of references below),
(b) have permissions appropriate for fully public data release,
(c) have data reported for a set of 1,233,013 sites in the genome (or 597,573 sites for present-day individuals genotyped on the Affymetrix Human Origins array). For most individuals, genetic data are represented by randomly sampled sequences at positions covered by at least one sequence.

There are two datasets:
"1240K"   : Ancient and present-day individuals (from either shotgun sequencing data or in-solution target capture, with a range of coverages) at 1,233,013 sites,
"1240K+HO": Data from the above set merged with present-day individuals typed on the Human Origins array with 597,573 sites.
Each dataset consists of four files, in eigenstrat format. For details, please see: eigensoft:

.anno: Rich meta-information for each individual.
.ind : Three columns: Individual ID, sex determination, and group label (population).
.snp : Information on each analyzed SNP position (SNP id, physical/genetic location and reference/variant alleles, where the reference allele matches hg19).
.geno: Genotypes (see note 2 below)

Version v50.0
Description .anno .ind .snp .geno Tarball all files Notes
1240k link
(4.2 Mb)
(428 Kb)
(74 Mb)
(3.0 Gb)
(3.1 Gb)
10379 unique individuals
(6442 ancient, 3937 present-day)1
1240K+HO link
(2.3 Mb)
(563 Kb)
(36 Mb)
(2.0 Gb)
(2.0 Gb)
14301 unique individuals
(6442 ancient, 7859 present-day)1

1: includes one ancestral reference, and three present-day references: human, chimp, gorilla.
2: genotypes are in a binary form using the 'packedancestrymap' format described in in eigensoft; this may be converted to a (large) text file (i.e. 'eigenstrat' format, using the software 'convertf').
3: md5sums are available: here. These may be used to verify that files which are downloaded match this distribution, using the linux command: 'md5sum < file >'.

Please note: The unique individual identifier is given in the 'Master ID' field. Multiple representatives of the same individual are thus indicated by a duplicated master ID. Some individuals are represented more than once to reflect different versions of processing or different publications. This may happen for example, when increased coverage has been generated after an initial publication. For many analyses it may be necessary to select only one version: for example the single sample Loschbour (master ID=I0001) is represented by two Version IDs, 'Loschbour_snpAD.DG' and 'Loschbour_published.DG'. It would be incorrect to consider these as two samples from the same population. If it is not important which version is used, we suggest choosing the master ID which has the highest number of SNPs hit on autosomal targets.

In addition, mitogenomes for samples generated at the Reich Lab are available here.

We would be grateful if users of this dataset could alert us to any errors they detect and help us to fill in missing data. This could include: (1) errors or missing information for location, latitude, longitude, archaeological context, date, and group label, (2) concerns about Y chromosome or mitochondrial DNA haplogroup determinations, and (3) evidence for other problems in the data or annotations for individuals. Please write to Swapan 'Shop' Mallick and David Reich with any suggestions. We would also be grateful if members of the community could suggest additional content that would be helpful to add to this page to make it maximally useful. Finally, please let us know if there is any ancient DNA data we should be including that we have missed.

Terminology and abbreviations used:
HG=hunter-gatherer, N=Neolithic, C=Chalcolithic/CopperAge, BA=BronzeAge, IA=IronAge
E=Early, M=Middle, L=Late, A=Antiquity
SG=samples with whole genome shotgun sequence data, randomly drawing a single read to represent each position in the genome
DG=samples shotgun sequenced with high enough coverage to call diploid genotypes, allowing for heterozygous calls
WGC=Whole Genome Capture

UDG treatments:
Various UDG protocols are available to researchers, indicated in field 'Library type'.
• UDG-minus means that no UDG treatment is used. The typical deamination profile that results is then high towards the ends of the molecules and drops off slowly as one moves 5-10 bases towards the centre of the molecule; deamination still occurs throughout the molecule.
• UDG-plus means that UDG is used. With this, molecules are cleaved where a uracil exists prior to sequencing. This means that deamination (generally) does not exist (there are some situations where UDG treatment fails, for example at methylated sites).
• UDG-half is a specialised form of UDG treatment, where uracils are not completely removed, and left at the first one or two bases. The profile of deamination is then very high at the first base, drops fast and by the third base is very low. This continues throughout the molecule, until one or two bases at the other end. This is useful in that molecules which are clearly ancient from the deamination signature may be identified (using tools such as MapDamage, or pmdtools), but the number of bases which are 'damaged' and typically have to be removed prior to analysis is low - just one or two bases, whereas with UDG-minus, typically, five or even ten bases should be removed. Given how short ancient DNA molecules can be compared with modern DNA, because of degradation, losing five or ten bases can be a considerable loss of data for some samples (in the dataset provided here, we almost always ignore data derives from sites 1-2 nucleotides from either end for UDG-half, and 5-10 nucleotides from either end for UDG-minus).
• mixed treatments, eg:UDG-plus,half: For each sample, a number of libraries may be constructed, and of course different UDG treatments can be used for different libraries. The different libraries are useful because they capture different molecules and thus increase data quality for the individual. When these libraries are combined into a single bam (or aligned dataset) for an individual sample, these can be annotated according to the separate treatments, eg: "plus,half".

Update history:

[Sun Oct 10 02:13:04 EDT 2021]: V50.0 release
[Wed Jan 20 22:51:34 EST 2021]: V44.3 release
[Wed Jun 24 16:14:09 EDT 2020]: md5sums added
[Sun Mar 1 10:32:12 EDT 2020]: data release
[Sat Feb 29 15:44:38 EST 2020]: V42.4 update
[Tue Apr 2 18:07:09 EDT 2019]: edits
[Mon Apr 1 22:15:31 EDT 2019]: website integration edits
[Thu Mar 28 23:33:13 EDT 2019]: V37.2 minor edits.
[Tue Mar 26 11:59:31 EDT 2019]: V37.2 minor edits.
[Mon Mar 25 16:26:10 EDT 2019]: V37.2 tidy .anno.
[Fri Feb 22 12:25:37 EST 2019]: V37.2 new release.

Previous versions:

V44.3: released Jan 2021
V42.4: released Mar 2020
V37.2: released Feb 2019


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Integration of ancient DNA with transdisciplinary dataset finds strong support for Inca resettlement in the south Peruvian coast. Bongers JL, Nakatsuka N, O'Shea C, Harper TK, Tantaleán H, Stanish C, Fehren-Schmitz L. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Aug 4;117(31):18359-18368. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2005965117. Epub 2020 Jul 13. PMID: 32661160; PMCID: PMC7414190.

Early Alpine occupation backdates westward human migration in Late Glacial Europe. Bortolini E, Pagani L, Oxilia G, Posth C, Fontana F, Badino F, Saupe T, Montinaro F, Margaritora D, Romandini M, Lugli F, Papini A, Boggioni M, Perrini N, Oxilia A, Cigliano RA, Barcelona R, Visentin D, Fasser N, Arrighi S, Figus C, Marciani G, Silvestrini S, Bernardini F, Menghi Sartorio JC, Fiorenza L, Cecchi JM, Tuniz C, Kivisild T, Gianfrancesco F, Peresani M, Scheib CL, Talamo S, D'Esposito M, Benazzi S. Early Alpine occupation backdates westward human migration in Late Glacial Europe. Curr Biol. 2021 Jun 7;31(11):2484-2493.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.03.078. Epub 2021 Apr 21. PMID: 33887180.

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Ancient genomes indicate population replacement in Early Neolithic Britain. Brace S, Diekmann Y, Booth TJ, van Dorp L, Faltyskova Z, Rohland N, Mallick S, Olalde I, Ferry M, Michel M, Oppenheimer J, Broomandkhoshbacht N, Stewardson K, Martiniano R, Walsh S, Kayser M, Charlton S, Hellenthal G, Armit I, Schulting R, Craig OE, Sheridan A, Parker Pearson M, Stringer C, Reich D, Thomas MG, Barnes I. Nat Ecol Evol. 2019 May;3(5):765-771. doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-0871-9. Epub 2019 Apr 15. Erratum in: Nat Ecol Evol. 2019 May 8;:. PMID: 30988490.

Early Neolithic genomes from the eastern Fertile Crescent. Broushaki F, Thomas MG, Link V, López S, van Dorp L, Kirsanow K, Hofmanová Z, Diekmann Y, Cassidy LM, Díez-Del-Molino D, Kousathanas A, Sell C, Robson HK, Martiniano R, Blöcher J, Scheu A, Kreutzer S, Bollongino R, Bobo D, Davudi H, Munoz O, Currat M, Abdi K, Biglari F, Craig OE, Bradley DG, Shennan S, Veeramah K, Mashkour M, Wegmann D, Hellenthal G, Burger J. Science. 2016 Jul 29;353(6298):499-503. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf7943. Epub 2016 Jul 14. PubMed PMID: 27417496; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5113750.

Ancient genomes from present-day France unveil 7,000 years of its demographic history. Brunel S, Bennett EA, Cardin L, Garraud D, Barrand Emam H, Beylier A, Boulestin B, Chenal F, Ciesielski E, Convertini F, Dedet B, Desbrosse-Degobertiere S, Desenne S, Dubouloz J, Duday H, Escalon G, Fabre V, Gailledrat E, Gandelin M, Gleize Y, Goepfert S, Guilaine J, Hachem L, Ilett M, Lambach F, Maziere F, Perrin B, Plouin S, Pinard E, Praud I, Richard I, Riquier V, Roure R, Sendra B, Thevenet C, Thiol S, Vauquelin E, Vergnaud L, Grange T, Geigl EM, Pruvost M. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Jun 9;117(23):12791-12798. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1918034117. Epub 2020 May 26. PMID: 32457149; PMCID: PMC7293694.

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Neolithic and Bronze Age migration to Ireland and establishment of the insular Atlantic genome. Cassidy LM, Martiniano R, Murphy EM, Teasdale MD, Mallory J, Hartwell B, Bradley DG. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Jan 12;113(2):368-73. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1518445113. Epub 2015 Dec 28.

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The genomic history of the Aegean palatial civilizations. Clemente F, Unterländer M, Dolgova O, Amorim CEG, Coroado-Santos F, Neuenschwander S, Ganiatsou E, Cruz Dávalos DI, Anchieri L, Michaud F, Winkelbach L, Blöcher J, Arizmendi Cárdenas YO, Sousa da Mota B, Kalliga E, Souleles A, Kontopoulos I, Karamitrou-Mentessidi G, Philaniotou O, Sampson A, Theodorou D, Tsipopoulou M, Akamatis I, Halstead P, Kotsakis K, Urem-Kotsou D, Panagiotopoulos D, Ziota C, Triantaphyllou S, Delaneau O, Jensen JD, Moreno-Mayar JV, Burger J, Sousa VC, Lao O, Malaspinas AS, Papageorgopoulou C. The genomic history of the Aegean palatial civilizations. Cell. 2021 May 13;184(10):2565-2586.e21. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2021.03.039. Epub 2021 Apr 29. PMID: 33930288; PMCID: PMC8127963.

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137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes. Damgaard PB, Marchi N, Rasmussen S, Peyrot M, Renaud G, Korneliussen T, Moreno-Mayar JV, Pedersen MW, Goldberg A, Usmanova E, Baimukhanov N, Loman V, Hedeager L, Pedersen AG, Nielsen K, Afanasiev G, Akmatov K, Aldashev A, Alpaslan A, Baimbetov G, Bazaliiskii VI, Beisenov A, Boldbaatar B, Boldgiv B, Dorzhu C, Ellingvag S, Erdenebaatar D, Dajani R, Dmitriev E, Evdokimov V, Frei KM, Gromov A, Goryachev A, Hakonarson H, Hegay T, Khachatryan Z, Khaskhanov R, Kitov E, Kolbina A, Kubatbek T, Kukushkin A, Kukushkin I, Lau N, Margaryan A, Merkyte I, Mertz IV, Mertz VK, Mijiddorj E, Moiyesev V, Mukhtarova G, Nurmukhanbetov B, Orozbekova Z, Panyushkina I, Pieta K, Smrčka V, Shevnina I, Logvin A, Sjögren KG, Štolcová T, Taravella AM, Tashbaeva K, Tkachev A, Tulegenov T, Voyakin D, Yepiskoposyan L, Undrakhbold S, Varfolomeev V, Weber A, Wilson Sayres MA, Kradin N, Allentoft ME, Orlando L, Nielsen R, Sikora M, Heyer E, Kristiansen K, Willerslev E. Nature. 2018 May;557(7705):369-374. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0094-2. Epub 2018 May 9.

The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia. de Barros Damgaard P, Martiniano R, Kamm J, Moreno-Mayar JV, Kroonen G, Peyrot M, Barjamovic G, Rasmussen S, Zacho C, Baimukhanov N, Zaibert V, Merz V, Biddanda A, Merz I, Loman V, Evdokimov V, Usmanova E, Hemphill B, Seguin-Orlando A, Yediay FE, Ullah I, Sjögren KG, Iversen KH, Choin J, de la Fuente C, Ilardo M, Schroeder H, Moiseyev V, Gromov A, Polyakov A, Omura S, Senyurt SY, Ahmad H, McKenzie C, Margaryan A, Hameed A, Samad A, Gul N, Khokhar MH, Goriunova OI, Bazaliiskii VI, Novembre J, Weber AW, Orlando L, Allentoft ME, Nielsen R, Kristiansen K, Sikora M, Outram AK, Durbin R, Willerslev E. Science. 2018 Jun 29;360(6396). pii: eaar7711. doi: 10.1126/science.aar7711. Epub 2018 May 9. PubMed PMID: 29743352.

Ancient genomes from Iceland reveal the making of a human population. Ebenesersdóttir SS, Sandoval-Velasco M, Gunnarsdóttir ED, Jagadeesan A, Guòmundsdóttir VB, Thordardóttir VB, Thordardóttir MS, Moore KHS, Siguròsson Á, Magnúsdóttir DN, Jónsson H, Snorradóttir S, Hovig E, Møller P, Kockum I, Olsson T, Alfredsson L, Hansen TF, Werge T, Cavalleri GL, Gilbert E, Lalueza-Fox C, Walser JW 3rd, Kristjánsdóttir S, Gopalakrishnan S, Árnadóttir L, Magnússon ÓP, Gilbert MTP, Stefánsson K, Helgason A. Science. 2018 Jun 1;360(6392):1028-1032. doi: 10.1126/science.aar2625. PMID: 29853688.

Genomic Steppe ancestry in skeletons from the Neolithic Single Grave Culture in Denmark. Egfjord AF, Margaryan A, Fischer A, Sjögren KG, Price TD, Johannsen NN, Nielsen PO, Sørensen L, Willerslev E, Iversen R, Sikora M, Kristiansen K, Allentoft ME. Genomic Steppe ancestry in skeletons from the Neolithic Single Grave Culture in Denmark. PLoS One. 2021 Jan 14;16(1):e0244872. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0244872. PMID: 33444387; PMCID: PMC7808695.

African evolutionary history inferred from whole genome sequence data of 44 indigenous African populations. Fan S, Kelly DE, Beltrame MH, Hansen MEB, Mallick S, Ranciaro A, Hirbo J, Thompson S, Beggs W, Nyambo T, Omar SA, Meskel DW, Belay G, Froment A, Patterson N, Reich D, Tishkoff SA. Genome Biol. 2019 Apr 26;20(1):82. doi: 10.1186/s13059-019-1679-2. Erratum in: Genome Biol. 2019 Oct 9;20(1):204. PMID: 31023338; PMCID: PMC6485071.

Late Pleistocene human genome suggests a local origin for the first farmers of central Anatolia. Feldman M, Fernández-Domínguez E, Reynolds L, Baird D, Pearson J, Hershkovitz I, May H, Goring-Morris N, Benz M, Gresky J, Bianco RA, Fairbairn A, Mustafaolu G, Stockhammer PW, Posth C, Haak W, Jeong C, Krause J. Nat Commun. 2019 Mar 19;10(1):1218. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09209-7. PMID: 30890703.

Ancient DNA sheds light on the genetic origins of early Iron Age Philistines. Feldman M, Master DM, Bianco RA, Burri M, Stockhammer PW, Mittnik A, Aja AJ, Jeong C, Krause J. Sci Adv. 2019 Jul 3;5(7):eaax0061. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aax0061. eCollection 2019 Jul. PMID: 31281897.

The spread of steppe and Iranian-related ancestry in the islands of the western Mediterranean. Fernandes DM, Mittnik A, Olalde I, Lazaridis I, Cheronet O, Rohland N, Mallick S, Bernardos R, Broomandkhoshbacht N, Carlsson J, Culleton BJ, Ferry M, Gamarra B, Lari M, Mah M, Michel M, Modi A, Novak M, Oppenheimer J, Sirak KA, Stewardson K, Mandl K, Schattke C, Özdoğan KT, Lucci M, Gasperetti G, Candilio F, Salis G, Vai S, Camarós E, Calò C, Catalano G, Cueto M, Forgia V, Lozano M, Marini E, Micheletti M, Miccichè RM, Palombo MR, Ramis D, Schimmenti V, Sureda P, Teira L, Teschler-Nicola M, Kennett DJ, Lalueza-Fox C, Patterson N, Sineo L, Coppa A, Caramelli D, Pinhasi R, Reich D. Nat Ecol Evol. 2020 Mar;4(3):334-345. doi: 10.1038/s41559-020-1102-0. Epub 2020 Feb 24. Erratum in: Nat Ecol Evol. 2020 May;4(5):764. PMID: 32094539; PMCID: PMC7080320.

A genetic history of the pre-contact Caribbean. Fernandes DM, Sirak KA, Ringbauer H, Sedig J, Rohland N, Cheronet O, Mah M, Mallick S, Olalde I, Culleton BJ, Adamski N, Bernardos R, Bravo G, Broomandkhoshbacht N, Callan K, Candilio F, Demetz L, Carlson KSD, Eccles L, Freilich S, George RJ, Lawson AM, Mandl K, Marzaioli F, McCool WC, Oppenheimer J, Özdogan KT, Schattke C, Schmidt R, Stewardson K, Terrasi F, Zalzala F, Antúnez CA, Canosa EV, Colten R, Cucina A, Genchi F, Kraan C, La Pastina F, Lucci M, Maggiolo MV, Marcheco-Teruel B, Maria CT, Martínez C, París I, Pateman M, Simms TM, Sivoli CG, Vilar M, Kennett DJ, Keegan WF, Coppa A, Lipson M, Pinhasi R, Reich D. Nature. 2020 Dec 23. doi: 10.1038/s41586-020-03053-2. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33361817.

Genomic insights into the origin and diversification of late maritime hunter-gatherers from the Chilean Patagonia. De la Fuente C, Ávila-Arcos MC, Galimany J, Carpenter ML, Homburger JR, Blanco A, Contreras P, Cruz Dávalos D, Reyes O, San Roman M, Moreno-Estrada A, Campos PF, Eng C, Huntsman S, Burchard EG, Malaspinas AS, Bustamante CD, Willerslev E, Llop E, Verdugo RA, Moraga M. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Apr 24;115(17):E4006-E4012. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1715688115. Epub 2018 Apr 9. PubMed PMID: 29632188; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5924884.

A genomic Neolithic time transect of hunter-farmer admixture in central Poland. Fernandes DM, Strapagiel D, Borówka P, Marciniak B, Żądzińska E, Sirak K, Siska V, Grygiel R, Carlsson J, Manica A, Lorkiewicz W, Pinhasi R. Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 5;8(1):14879. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-33067-w.

Palaeo-Eskimo genetic ancestry and the peopling of Chukotka and North America. Flegontov P, Altinisik NE, Changmai P, Rohland N, Mallick S, Adamski N, Bolnick DA, Broomandkhoshbacht N, Candilio F, Culleton BJ, Flegontova O, Friesen TM, Jeong C, Harper TK, Keating D, Kennett DJ, Kim AM, Lamnidis TC, Lawson AM, Olalde I, Oppenheimer J, Potter BA, Raff J, Sattler RA, Skoglund P, Stewardson K, Vajda EJ, Vasilyev S, Veselovskaya E, Hayes MG, O'Rourke DH, Krause J, Pinhasi R, Reich D, Schiffels S. Nature. 2019 Jun;570(7760):236-240. doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1251-y. Epub 2019 Jun 5. PMID: 31168094.

Ancient genomes from North Africa evidence prehistoric migrations to the Maghreb from both the Levant and Europe. Fregel R, Méndez FL, Bokbot Y, Martín-Socas D, Camalich-Massieu MD, Santana J, Morales J, Ávila-Arcos MC, Underhill PA, Shapiro B, Wojcik G, Rasmussen M, Soares AER, Kapp J, Sockell A, Rodríguez-Santos FJ, Mikdad A, Trujillo-Mederos A, Bustamante CD. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Jun 26;115(26):6774-6779. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1800851115. Epub 2018 Jun 12. Erratum in: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Jul 24;115(30):E7231. PubMed PMID: 29895688; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6042094.

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An early modern human from Romania with a recent Neanderthal ancestor. Fu Q, Hajdinjak M, Moldovan OT, Constantin S, Mallick S, Skoglund P, Patterson N, Rohland N, Lazaridis I, Nickel B, Viola B, Prüfer K, Meyer M, Kelso J, Reich D, Pääbo S. Nature. 2015 Aug 13;524(7564):216-9. doi: 10.1038/nature14558. Epub 2015 Jun 22.

The genetic history of Ice Age Europe. Fu Q, Posth C, Hajdinjak M, Petr M, Mallick S, Fernandes D, Furtwängler A, Haak W, Meyer M, Mittnik A, Nickel B, Peltzer A, Rohland N, Slon V, Talamo S, Lazaridis I, Lipson M, Mathieson I, Schiffels S, Skoglund P, Derevianko AP, Drozdov N, Slavinsky V, Tsybankov A, Cremonesi RG, Mallegni F, Gély B, Vacca E, Morales MR, Straus LG, Neugebauer-Maresch C, Teschler-Nicola M, Constantin S, Moldovan OT, Benazzi S, Peresani M, Coppola D, Lari M, Ricci S, Ronchitelli A, Valentin F, Thevenet C, Wehrberger K, Grigorescu D, Rougier H, Crevecoeur I, Flas D, Semal P, Mannino MA, Cupillard C, Bocherens H, Conard NJ, Harvati K, Moiseyev V, Drucker DG, Svoboda J, Richards MP, Caramelli D, Pinhasi R, Kelso J, Patterson N, Krause J, Pääbo S, Reich D. Nature. 2016 Jun 9;534(7606):200-5. doi: 10.1038/nature17993. Epub 2016 May 2.

Comparison of target enrichment strategies for ancient pathogen DNA. Furtwängler A, Neukamm J, Böhme L, Reiter E, Vollstedt M, Arora N, Singh P, Cole ST, Knauf S, Calvignac-Spencer S, Krause-Kyora B, Krause J, Schuenemann VJ, Herbig A. Biotechniques. 2020 Dec;69(6):455-459. doi: 10.2144/btn-2020-0100. Epub 2020 Nov 2. PMID: 33135465.

Genome flux and stasis in a five millennium transect of European prehistory. Gamba C, Jones ER, Teasdale MD, McLaughlin RL, Gonzalez-Fortes G, Mattiangeli V, Domboróczki L, Kővári I, Pap I, Anders A, Whittle A, Dani J, Raczky P, Higham TF, Hofreiter M, Bradley DG, Pinhasi R. Nat Commun. 2014 Oct 21;5:5257. doi: 10.1038/ncomms6257. PubMed PMID: 25334030; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4218962.

Differential DNA methylation of vocal and facial anatomy genes in modern humans. Gokhman D, Nissim-Rafinia M, Agranat-Tamir L, Housman G, García-Pérez R, Lizano E, Cheronet O, Mallick S, Nieves-Colón MA, Li H, Alpaslan-Roodenberg S, Novak M, Gu H, Osinski JM, Ferrando-Bernal M, Gelabert P, Lipende I, Mjungu D, Kondova I, Bontrop R, Kullmer O, Weber G, Shahar T, Dvir-Ginzberg M, Faerman M, Quillen EE, Meissner A, Lahav Y, Kandel L, Liebergall M, Prada ME, Vidal JM, Gronostajski RM, Stone AC, Yakir B, Lalueza-Fox C, Pinhasi R, Reich D, Marques-Bonet T, Meshorer E, Carmel L. Nat Commun. 2020 Mar 4;11(1):1189. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-15020-6. PMID: 32132541; PMCID: PMC7055320.

Paleogenomic Evidence for Multi-generational Mixing between Neolithic Farmers and Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers in the Lower Danube Basin. González-Fortes G, Jones ER, Lightfoot E, Bonsall C, Lazar C, Grandal-d'Anglade A, Garralda MD, Drak L, Siska V, Simalcsik A, Boroneanţ A, Vidal Romaní JR, Vaqueiro Rodríguez M, Arias P, Pinhasi R, Manica A, Hofreiter M. Paleogenomic Evidence for Multi-generational Mixing between Neolithic Farmers and Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers in the Lower Danube Basin. Curr Biol. 2017 Jun 19;27(12):1801-1810.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.05.023. Epub 2017 May 25. PubMed PMID: 28552360; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5483232.

A western route of prehistoric human migration from Africa into the Iberian Peninsula. González-Fortes G, Tassi F, Trucchi E, Henneberger K, Paijmans JLA, Díez-Del-Molino D, Schroeder H, Susca RR, Barroso-Ruíz C, Bermudez FJ, Barroso-Medina C, Bettencourt AMS, Sampaio HA, Grandal-d'Anglade A, Salas A, de Lombera-Hermida A, Fabregas Valcarce R, Vaquero M, Alonso S, Lozano M, Rodríguez-Alvarez XP, Fernández-Rodríguez C, Manica A, Hofreiter M, Barbujani G. Proc Biol Sci. 2019 Jan 30;286(1895):20182288. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2288. PMID: 30963949.

Population genomics of Mesolithic Scandinavia: Investigating early postglacial migration routes and high-latitude adaptation. Günther T, Malmström H, Svensson EM, Omrak A, Sánchez-Quinto F, Kılınç GM, Krzewińska M, Eriksson G, Fraser M, Edlund H, Munters AR, Coutinho A, Simões LG, Vicente M, Sjölander A, Jansen Sellevold B, Jørgensen R, Claes P, Shriver MD, Valdiosera C, Netea MG, Apel J, Lidén K, Skar B, Storå J, Götherström A, Jakobsson M. PLoS Biol. 2018 Jan 9;16(1):e2003703. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2003703. eCollection 2018 Jan.

Ancient genomes link early farmers from Atapuerca in Spain to modern-day Basques. Günther T, Valdiosera C, Malmström H, Ureña I, Rodriguez-Varela R, Sverrisdóttir ÓO, Daskalaki EA, Skoglund P, Naidoo T, Svensson EM, Bermúdez de Castro JM, Carbonell E, Dunn M, Storå J, Iriarte E, Arsuaga JL, Carretero JM, Götherström A, Jakobsson M. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Sep 22;112(38):11917-22. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1509851112. Epub 2015 Sep 8.

Continuity and Admixture in the Last Five Millennia of Levantine History from Ancient Canaanite and Present-Day Lebanese Genome Sequences. Haber M, Doumet-Serhal C, Scheib C, Xue Y, Danecek P, Mezzavilla M, Youhanna S, Martiniano R, Prado-Martinez J, Szpak M, Matisoo-Smith E, Schutkowski H, Mikulski R, Zalloua P, Kivisild T, Tyler-Smith C. Am J Hum Genet. 2017 Aug 3;101(2):274-282. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.06.013. Epub 2017 Jul 27. PubMed PMID: 28757201; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5544389.

A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences. Haber M, Doumet-Serhal C, Scheib CL, Xue Y, Mikulski R, Martiniano R, Fischer-Genz B, Schutkowski H, Kivisild T, Tyler-Smith C. Am J Hum Genet. 2019 May 2;104(5):977-984. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.03.015. Epub 2019 Apr 18. PMID: 31006515.

A Genetic History of the Near East from an aDNA Time Course Sampling Eight Points in the Past 4,000 Years. Haber M, Nassar J, Almarri MA, Saupe T, Saag L, Griffith SJ, Doumet-Serhal C, Chanteau J, Saghieh-Beydoun M, Xue Y, Scheib CL, Tyler-Smith C. Am J Hum Genet. 2020 Jul 2;107(1):149-157. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2020.05.008. Epub 2020 May 28. PMID: 32470374; PMCID: PMC7332655.

Reconstructing the genetic history of late Neanderthals. Hajdinjak M, Fu Q, Hübner A, Petr M, Mafessoni F, Grote S, Skoglund P, Narasimham V, Rougier H, Crevecoeur I, Semal P, Soressi M, Talamo S, Hublin JJ, Gušić I, Kućan Ž, Rudan P, Golovanova LV, Doronichev VB, Posth C, Krause J, Korlević P, Nagel S, Nickel B, Slatkin M, Patterson N, Reich D, Prüfer K, Meyer M, Pääbo S, Kelso J. Nature. 2018 Mar 29;555(7698):652-656. doi: 10.1038/nature26151. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

A minimally destructive protocol for DNA extraction from ancient teeth. Harney É, Cheronet O, Fernandes DM, Sirak K, Mah M, Bernardos R, Adamski N, Broomandkhoshbacht N, Callan K, Lawson AM, Oppenheimer J, Stewardson K, Zalzala F, Anders A, Candilio F, Constantinescu M, Coppa A, Ciobanu I, Dani J, Gallina Z, Genchi F, Nagy EG, Hajdu T, Hellebrandt M, Horváth A, Király Á, Kiss K, Kolozsi B, Kovács P, Köhler K, Lucci M, Pap I, Popovici S, Raczky P, Simalcsik A, Szeniczey T, Vasilyev S, Virag C, Rohland N, Reich D, Pinhasi R. A minimally destructive protocol for DNA extraction from ancient teeth. Genome Res. 2021 Mar;31(3):472-483. doi: 10.1101/gr.267534.120. Epub 2021 Feb 12. PMID: 33579752; PMCID: PMC7919446.

Ancient DNA from Chalcolithic Israel reveals the role of population mixture in cultural transformation. Harney É, May H, Shalem D, Rohland N, Mallick S, Lazaridis I, Sarig R, Stewardson K, Nordenfelt S, Patterson N, Hershkovitz I, Reich D. Nat Commun. 2018 Aug 20;9(1):3336. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05649-9. Erratum in: Nat Commun. 2018 Sep 20;9(1):3913.

Ancient DNA from the skeletons of Roopkund Lake reveals Mediterranean migrants in India. Harney É, Nayak A, Patterson N, Joglekar P, Mushrif-Tripathy V, Mallick S, Rohland N, Sedig J, Adamski N, Bernardos R, Broomandkhoshbacht N, Culleton BJ, Ferry M, Harper TK, Michel M, Oppenheimer J, Stewardson K, Zhang Z, Harashawaradhana, Bartwal MS, Kumar S, Diyundi SC, Roberts P, Boivin N, Kennett DJ, Thangaraj K, Reich D, Rai N. Nat Commun. 2019 Aug 20;10(1):3670. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-11357-9. PMID: 31431628.

Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans. Hofmanová Z, Kreutzer S, Hellenthal G, Sell C, Diekmann Y, Díez-Del-Molino D, van Dorp L, López S, Kousathanas A, Link V, Kirsanow K, Cassidy LM, Martiniano R, Strobel M, Scheu A, Kotsakis K, Halstead P, Triantaphyllou S, Kyparissi-Apostolika N, Urem-Kotsou D, Ziota C, Adaktylou F, Gopalan S, Bobo DM, Winkelbach L, Blöcher J, Unterländer M, Leuenberger C, Çilingiroğlu Ç, Horejs B, Gerritsen F, Shennan SJ, Bradley DG, Currat M, Veeramah KR, Wegmann D, Thomas MG, Papageorgopoulou C, Burger J. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Jun 21;113(25):6886-91. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1523951113. Epub 2016 Jun 6.

Shifts in the Genetic Landscape of the Western Eurasian Steppe Associated with the Beginning and End of the Scythian Dominance. Järve M, Saag L, Scheib CL, Pathak AK, Montinaro F, Pagani L, Flores R, Guellil M, Saag L, Tambets K, Kushniarevich A, Solnik A, Varul L, Zadnikov S, Petrauskas O, Avramenko M, Magomedov B, Didenko S, Toshev G, Bruyako I, Grechko D, Okatenko V, Gorbenko K, Smyrnov O, Heiko A, Reida R, Sapiehin S, Sirotin S, Tairov A, Beisenov A, Starodubtsev M, Vasilev V, Nechvaloda A, Atabiev B, Litvinov S, Ekomasova N, Dzhaubermezov M, Voroniatov S, Utevska O, Shramko I, Khusnutdinova E, Metspalu M, Savelev N, Kriiska A, Kivisild T, Villems R. Curr Biol. 2019 Jul 22;29(14):2430-2441.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.06.019. Epub 2019 Jul 11. PMID: 31303491.

A Dynamic 6,000-Year Genetic History of Eurasia's Eastern Steppe. Jeong C, Wang K, Wilkin S, Taylor WTT, Miller BK, Bemmann JH, Stahl R, Chiovelli C, Knolle F, Ulziibayar S, Khatanbaatar D, Erdenebaatar D, Erdenebat U, Ochir A, Ankhsanaa G, Vanchigdash C, Ochir B, Munkhbayar C, Tumen D, Kovalev A, Kradin N, Bazarov BA, Miyagashev DA, Konovalov PB, Zhambaltarova E, Miller AV, Haak W, Schiffels S, Krause J, Boivin N, Erdene M, Hendy J, Warinner C. A Dynamic 6,000-Year Genetic History of Eurasia's Eastern Steppe. Cell. 2020 Nov 12;183(4):890-904.e29. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2020.10.015. Epub 2020 Nov 5. PMID: 33157037; PMCID: PMC7664836.

The genetic history of admixture across inner Eurasia. Jeong C, Balanovsky O, Lukianova E, Kahbatkyzy N, Flegontov P, Zaporozhchenko V, Immel A, Wang CC, Ixan O, Khussainova E, Bekmanov B, Zaibert V, Lavryashina M, Pocheshkhova E, Yusupov Y, Agdzhoyan A, Koshel S, Bukin A, Nymadawa P, Turdikulova S, Dalimova D, Churnosov M, Skhalyakho R, Daragan D, Bogunov Y, Bogunova A, Shtrunov A, Dubova N, Zhabagin M, Yepiskoposyan L, Churakov V, Pislegin N, Damba L, Saroyants L, Dibirova K, Atramentova L, Utevska O, Idrisov E, Kamenshchikova E, Evseeva I, Metspalu M, Outram AK, Robbeets M, Djansugurova L, Balanovska E, Schiffels S, Haak W, Reich D, Krause J. Nat Ecol Evol. 2019 Jun;3(6):966-976. doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-0878-2. Epub 2019 Apr 29. PMID: 31036896.

Long-term genetic stability and a high-altitude East Asian origin for the peoples of the high valleys of the Himalayan arc. Jeong C, Ozga AT, Witonsky DB, Malmström H, Edlund H, Hofman CA, Hagan RW, Jakobsson M, Lewis CM, Aldenderfer MS, Di Rienzo A, Warinner C. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Jul 5;113(27):7485-90. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1520844113. Epub 2016 Jun 20. PMID: 27325755.

Bronze Age population dynamics and the rise of dairy pastoralism on the eastern Eurasian steppe. Jeong C, Wilkin S, Amgalantugs T, Bouwman AS, Taylor WTT, Hagan RW, Bromage S, Tsolmon S, Trachsel C, Grossmann J, Littleton J, Makarewicz CA, Krigbaum J, Burri M, Scott A, Davaasambuu G, Wright J, Irmer F, Myagmar E, Boivin N, Robbeets M, Rühli FJ, Krause J, Frohlich B, Hendy J, Warinner C. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Nov 27;115(48):E11248-E11255. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1813608115. Epub 2018 Nov 5. PMID: 30397125.

Upper Palaeolithic genomes reveal deep roots of modern Eurasians. Jones ER, Gonzalez-Fortes G, Connell S, Siska V, Eriksson A, Martiniano R, McLaughlin RL, Gallego Llorente M, Cassidy LM, Gamba C, Meshveliani T, Bar-Yosef O, Müller W, Belfer-Cohen A, Matskevich Z, Jakeli N, Higham TF, Currat M, Lordkipanidze D, Hofreiter M, Manica A, Pinhasi R, Bradley DG. Nat Commun. 2015 Nov 16;6:8912. doi: 10.1038/ncomms9912. PMID: 26567969.

The Neolithic Transition in the Baltic Was Not Driven by Admixture with Early European Farmers. Jones ER, Zarina G, Moiseyev V, Lightfoot E, Nigst PR, Manica A, Pinhasi R, Bradley DG. Curr Biol. 2017 Feb 20;27(4):576-582.

A partial nuclear genome of the Jomons who lived 3000 years ago in Fukushima, Japan. Kanzawa-Kiriyama H, Kryukov K, Jinam TA, Hosomichi K, Saso A, Suwa G, Ueda S, Yoneda M, Tajima A, Shinoda KI, Inoue I, Saitou N. J Hum Genet. 2017 Feb;62(2):213-221. doi: 10.1038/jhg.2016.110. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

New insights into the Tyrolean Iceman's origin and phenotype as inferred by whole-genome sequencing. Keller A1, Graefen A, Ball M, Matzas M, Boisguerin V, Maixner F, Leidinger P, Backes C, Khairat R, Forster M, Stade B, Franke A, Mayer J, Spangler J, McLaughlin S, Shah M, Lee C, Harkins TT, Sartori A, Moreno-Estrada A, Henn B, Sikora M, Semino O, Chiaroni J, Rootsi S, Myres NM, Cabrera VM, Underhill PA, Bustamante CD, Vigl EE, Samadelli M, Cipollini G, Haas J, Katus H, O'Connor BD, Carlson MR, Meder B, Blin N, Meese E, Pusch CM, Zink A. Nat Commun. 2012 Feb 28;3:698. doi: 10.1038/ncomms1701.Paperpile.

Archaeogenomic evidence reveals prehistoric matrilineal dynasty. Kennett DJ, Plog S, George RJ, Culleton BJ, Watson AS, Skoglund P, Rohland N, Mallick S, Stewardson K, Kistler L, LeBlanc SA, Whiteley PM, Reich D, Perry GH. Nat Commun. 2017 Feb 21;8:14115. doi: 10.1038/ncomms14115. PMID: 28221340.

The Demographic Development of the First Farmers in Anatolia. Kılınç GM, Omrak A, Özer F, Günther T, Büyükkarakaya AM, Bıçakçı E, Baird D, Dönertaş HM, Ghalichi A, Yaka R, Koptekin D, Açan SC, Parvizi P, Krzewińska M, Daskalaki EA, Yüncü E, Dağtaş ND, Fairbairn A, Pearson J, Mustafaoğlu G, Erdal YS, Çakan YG, Togan İ, Somel M, Storå J, Jakobsson M, Götherström A. Curr Biol. 2016 Oct 10;26(19):2659-2666. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.07.057. Epub 2016 Aug 4. PMID: 27498567.

Human population dynamics and Yersinia pestis in ancient northeast Asia. Kılınç GM, Kashuba N, Koptekin D, Bergfeldt N, Dönertaş HM, Rodríguez-Varela R, Shergin D, Ivanov G, Kichigin D, Pestereva K, Volkov D, Mandryka P, Kharinskii A, Tishkin A, Ineshin E, Kovychev E, Stepanov A, Dalén L, Günther T, Kırdök E, Jakobsson M, Somel M, Krzewińska M, Storå J, Götherström A. Human population dynamics and Yersinia pestis in ancient northeast Asia. Sci Adv. 2021 Jan 6;7(2):eabc4587. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abc4587. PMID: 33523963; PMCID: PMC7787494.

[Korneliussen2014]: (used for X-contamination estimates)
ANGSD: Analysis of Next Generation Sequencing Data. Korneliussen TS, Albrechtsen A, Nielsen R. BMC Bioinformatics. 2014 Nov 25;15:356. doi: 10.1186/s12859-014-0356-4. PMID: 25420514.

Ancient genomic time transect from the Central Asian Steppe unravels the history of the Scythians. Gnecchi-Ruscone GA, Khussainova E, Kahbatkyzy N, Musralina L, Spyrou MA, Bianco RA, Radzeviciute R, Martins NFG, Freund C, Iksan O, Garshin A, Zhaniyazov Z, Bekmanov B, Kitov E, Samashev Z, Beisenov A, Berezina N, Berezin Y, Bíró AZ, Évinger S, Bissembaev A, Akhatov G, Mamedov A, Onggaruly A, Voyakin D, Chotbayev A, Kariyev Y, Buzhilova A, Djansugurova L, Jeong C, Krause J. Ancient genomic time transect from the Central Asian Steppe unravels the history of the Scythians. Sci Adv. 2021 Mar 26;7(13):eabe4414. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abe4414. PMID: 33771866; PMCID: PMC7997506.

Genomic and Strontium Isotope Variation Reveal Immigration Patterns in a Viking Age Town. Krzewińska M, Kjellström A, Günther T, Hedenstierna-Jonson C, Zachrisson T, Omrak A, Yaka R, Kılınç GM, Somel M, Sobrado V, Evans J, Knipper C, Jakobsson M, Storå J, Götherström A. Curr Biol. 2018 Sep 10;28(17):2730-2738.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.06.053. Epub 2018 Aug 23. PMID: 30146150.

Ancient genomes suggest the eastern Pontic-Caspian steppe as the source of western Iron Age nomads. Krzewińska M, Kılınç GM, Juras A, Koptekin D, Chyleński M, Nikitin AG, Shcherbakov N, Shuteleva I, Leonova T, Kraeva L, Sungatov FA, Sultanova AN, Potekhina I, Łukasik S, Krenz-Niedbała M, Dalén L, Sinika V, Jakobsson M, Storå J, Götherström A. Sci Adv. 2018 Oct 3;4(10):eaat4457. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aat4457. eCollection 2018 Oct. PMID: 30417088.

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Multiple migrations to the Philippines during the last 50,000 years. Larena M, Sanchez-Quinto F, Sjödin P, McKenna J, Ebeo C, Reyes R, Casel O, Huang JY, Hagada KP, Guilay D, Reyes J, Allian FP, Mori V, Azarcon LS, Manera A, Terando C, Jamero L Jr, Sireg G, Manginsay-Tremedal R, Labos MS, Vilar RD, Latiph A, Saway RL, Marte E, Magbanua P, Morales A, Java I, Reveche R, Barrios B, Burton E, Salon JC, Kels MJT, Albano A, Cruz-Angeles RB, Molanida E, Granehäll L, Vicente M, Edlund H, Loo JH, Trejaut J, Ho SYW, Reid L, Malmström H, Schlebusch C, Lambeck K, Endicott P, Jakobsson M. Multiple migrations to the Philippines during the last 50,000 years. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021 Mar 30;118(13):e2026132118. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2026132118. PMID: 33753512; PMCID: PMC8020671.

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A Late Bronze Age II clay coffin from Tel Shaddudin the Central Jezreel Valley, Israel: context andhistorical implications. Edwin C. M. van den Brink, Ron Beeri, Dan Kirzner, Enno Bron, Anat Cohen-Weinberger, Elisheva Kamaisky, Tamar Gonen, Lilly Gershuny, Yossi Nagar, Daphna Ben-Tor,Naama Sukenik, Orit Shamir, Edward F. Maher & David Reich Levant, 49:2, 105-135, DOI:10.1080/00758914.2017.1368204.

Population genomic analysis of elongated skulls reveals extensive female-biased immigration in Early Medieval Bavaria. Veeramah KR, Rott A, Groß M, van Dorp L, López S, Kirsanow K, Sell C, Blöcher J, Wegmann D, Link V, Hofmanová Z, Peters J, Trautmann B, Gairhos A, Haberstroh J, Päffgen B, Hellenthal G, Haas-Gebhard B, Harbeck M, Burger J. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Mar 27;115(13):3494-3499. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1719880115. Epub 2018 Mar 12. pPMID: 29531040.

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Low Prevalence of Lactase Persistence in Bronze Age Europe Indicates Ongoing Strong Selection over the Last 3,000 Years. Burger J, Link V, Blöcher J, Schulz A, Sell C, Pochon Z, Diekmann Y, Žegarac A, Hofmanová Z, Winkelbach L, Reyna-Blanco CS, Bieker V, Orschiedt J, Brinker U, Scheu A, Leuenberger C, Bertino TS, Bollongino R, Lidke G, Stefanović S, Jantzen D, Kaiser E, Terberger T, Thomas MG, Veeramah KR, Wegmann D. Low Prevalence of Lactase Persistence in Bronze Age Europe Indicates Ongoing Strong Selection over the Last 3,000 Years. Curr Biol. 2020 Nov 2;30(21):4307-4315.e13. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.08.033. Epub 2020 Sep 3. PMID: 32888485.

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40,000-Year-Old Individual from Asia Provides Insight into Early Population Structure in Eurasia. Yang MA, Gao X, Theunert C, Tong H, Aximu-Petri A, Nickel B, Slatkin M, Meyer M, Pääbo S, Kelso J, Fu Q. Curr Biol. 2017 Oct 23;27(20):3202-3208.e9. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.09.030. Epub 2017 Oct 12. PMID: 29033327.

Ancient DNA indicates human population shifts and admixture in northern and southern China. Yang MA, Fan X, Sun B, Chen C, Lang J, Ko YC, Tsang CH, Chiu H, Wang T, Bao Q, Wu X, Hajdinjak M, Ko AM, Ding M, Cao P, Yang R, Liu F, Nickel B, Dai Q, Feng X, Zhang L, Sun C, Ning C, Zeng W, Zhao Y, Zhang M, Gao X, Cui Y, Reich D, Stoneking M, Fu Q. Science. 2020 Jul 17;369(6501):282-288. doi: 10.1126/science.aba0909. Epub 2020 May 14. PMID: 32409524.

Paleolithic to Bronze Age Siberians Reveal Connections with First Americans and across Eurasia. Yu H, Spyrou MA, Karapetian M, Shnaider S, Radzevičiūtė R, Nägele K, Neumann GU, Penske S, Zech J, Lucas M, LeRoux P, Roberts P, Pavlenok G, Buzhilova A, Posth C, Jeong C, Krause J. Cell. 2020 Jun 11;181(6):1232-1245.e20. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2020.04.037. Epub 2020 May 20. PMID: 32437661.

Ancient DNA of Phoenician remains indicates discontinuity in the settlement history of Ibiza. Zalloua P, Collins CJ, Gosling A, Biagini SA, Costa B, Kardailsky O, Nigro L, Khalil W, Calafell F, Matisoo-Smith E. Sci Rep. 2018 Dec 4;8(1):17567. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-35667-y. PMID: 30514893.

Kinship, acquired and inherited status, and population structure at the Early Bronze Age Mokrin necropolis in northern Serbia. Aleksandra Žegarac, Laura Winkelbach, Jens Blöcher, Yoan Diekmann, Marija Krečković Gavrilović, Marko Porčić, Biljana Stojković, Lidija Milašinović, Mona Schreiber, Daniel Wegmann, Krishna R. Veeramah, Sofija Stefanović, Joachim Burger
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